The present project was undertaken to assess the post harvest losses and value addition to banana through processing as followed in Gujarat. The effect of various ripening methods on losses were also determined. The study revealed that the overall post harvest losses in banana after harvesting till ripening was found to be 15.43%, which included losses at field level (0.77%), at trader''s level (5.86%) as well as ripening losses (8.80%). Only negligible losses were reported and observed during the processing of banana. The highest value of actual total loss (16.00%) was observed in case of smoking + room temperature method of ripening, while the lowest value of 4.66% was observed under the ethephon + air-cooled chamber method. Although, the ethephon + ice treatment method gave ripening loss to the tune of 7.43%, this method was most widely adopted in Gujarat considering its convenience and good appearance of bananas after ripening. It is recommended from the study that the improved ripening methods like ripening under ethephon + air cooled chamber method should be used during ripening to obtain the good quality banana with a lowest value of losses.5740 Руб.
The Aonla (Emblica officinalis), or Amla is thought to be a native of India, Ceylon, Malaysia and China. In India, as well as in Gujarat state the area under aonla cultivation is expanding at faster rate. Aonla fruit are very popular for its medicinal property, one of the richest sources of vitamin C and utilised for preparation of various products. If the marketing is not properly organised, there is very possibility of glut in market at peak period. Therefore, an appropriate post harvest handling system is necessary for reducing the losses. This book, there fore provides the information and status of whole post harvest handling operation performed by the farmers at orchard level, whole sale market and retail market; supplemental to the detailed review for production, processing and marketing of aonla fruits. It assesses the extent of losses at various stages, identifies the different sources and reasons for the losses, earmarks the stage of high losses and explores the possibilities of reducing these losses. The book should be very much useful to aonla farmers, people associated with marketing, processors, academicians, horticulturists and researchers.4767 Руб.
Proper post harvest management of any perishable maximizes its shelflife. Precooling and storage are two major areas, which can contribute to a great extent in increasing the shelflife of banana. An attempt has been made to find out ideal package of post harvest handling of banana which maximizes its shelflife. Different precooling treatments(forced air cooling, hydro-cooling, dipping each at 5,8,10 deg.C), wax and control treatments were tried. Three storage environments viz. ambient condition (30 ± 3 deg.C), zero energy cool chamber (25 ± 10 deg.C at 90 – 95 % RH), and cold storage (13.5 ± 0.5 deg.C, at 85-90 % RH) were evaluated. Results clearly shown that wax treatment was better for banana aimed at room storage as well as evaporative storage and was at par with precooling treatments for banana aimed at cold storage. However, deciding factor is cost of waxing or precooling v/s shelflife extension benefits in case of different combinations of precooling methods, waxing and storage methods. Shelflife advantage of 3 to 5 days can be obtained in different precooling and storage combinations.4767 Руб.
Active packaging is an emerging technology which follows MAP principle in a cost effective way. In active packaging, the packaging systems actively interact with the packaged food or with the food surface, to extend the shelf life and to improve the quality of the products, preserving their sensorial characteristics and safety along the storage period. This book focuses on the effects of the active packaging components (Ethylene, Moisture and Carbon Dioxide scavengers) on the physico-chemical, textural and sensory properties of banana (Musa spp.). Detailed experimentation on shelf life extension of highly perishable fruits like banana by using active packaging technology has been mentioned in this book. Also, measurement of respiration rate, quantification of each of the three scavengers used, and effect of temperature on the active packaging system have been evaluated. In a nutshell, this book provides all the necessary informations for minimising the post harvest loss of any fruit/ vegetable.4854 Руб.
Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L) is a dicotyledonous plant which is widely distributed globally. It contains 48-50% oil and 26-28 protein, and is a rich source of dietary fiber, minerals, and vitamins. Poverty reduction and sustained economic growth require, among others, efficient post-harvest and market system, which in turn require identification and improvement in the post-harvest handling and of marketing constraints. This further needs the analysis and understanding of both farm /household and market level constraints impeding the proper functioning of the post-harvest handling and marketing system of groundnut. With this regard, the increased production accompanied by appropriate post-harvest handling and market system of groundnut has a direct effect on farmers'' income level. This study was carried out in Babile district of east Hararghe zone of Oromia region of Ethiopia on smallholder groundnut farmers for the purpose of investigating the post-harvest handling practices and market condition of groundnut in Babile woreda and reducing the information gap on the subject . Hence, this study was taken up to fill this knowledge gap.4140 Руб.
The book is a collection of different researches carried-out in the department of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering of O.A.U. Ile-Ife and department of Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi between 2012 and 2015. This book is specially produced to help any researcher seeking for some useful information about some post-harvest processing machines such as paddy rice thresher, Bambara-nut and neem decorticators. Engineering properties (physical, mechanical and aerodynamic) of neem seeds and kernels were provided in this book. This book is strongly recommended for young engineers and technologists in tertiary institutions.2695 Руб.
Most of agricultural research and extension efforts are focused on increasing crop and livestock production in order to improve farm incomes and food availability. However initial gains from improved production are negated by losses that occur during or after harvest, worldwide post losses of agricultural produce are estimated at 30%. Improving post harvest management may require inputs not only technical, but also economical and organizational.Farmers' objective, farming systems,level of farmers organization,level of access to information,markets and credit play crucial part in success of any attempt to improve post harvest management.Storage of food grains is inevitable both at times of deficit and surplus production. Since storage loss contributes a major share in post-production loss an attempt was made to study the rice storage in Cauvery delta in India with objectives of estimating marketable surplus at farm level, quantifying post-harvest losses, studying conventional storage practices followed by farmers and examining the possibility of introducing modern storage structures among farmers.4854 Руб.
Ratna variety of mango had maximum large size fruits. Due to the overall appearance, colour and sugar acid blend of Ratna variety, it may get high price in international market. Harvesting with proper maturity (specific gravity more than 1.00) affects post harvest life of fruit. CFB boxes followed by CTHT box were successfully helped to increase the shelf life and quality of fruits. Attractive packaging and careful handling is necessary to reduce the post harvest losses. Pre-cooling by the method by hydro-cooling increased significantly the shelf life of mango fruits without affecting the quality of fruit.Low temperature storage helped to increase the availability of fruits. But chemical changes in fruits were very slow, which reduces its ripening and overall fruit quality. The products prepared from raw and ripe mango fruits revealed good at preparation and throughout the storage period of six months. On the basis of their organoleptic evaluation, it is noticed that they retained their conditions and acceptability during storage period of six months at ambient temperature condition, so there is a scope for processing of Ratna variety.4767 Руб.
The book “Post Harvest Management of Litchi for Marketing & Export” explains the finding of the research work how, use of chemicals and Packaging are important in order to reduce post-harvest losses in Litchi’s. Packaging technology allows supermarkets to reduce their labor costs and reduce waste, while providing the consumer with a selection of fresh produce which is safe and of a high quality. Reduction of post-harvest losses in Litchi’s and expanding markets provide benefits for the seller and the buyer, and increases farmer income and alleviates poverty. It is without a doubt that a more sophisticated holistic approach to total product management will ensure quality and safety and provide retailers with the desired extended shelf life. Using the cold chain concept more effectively may provide an environment not favourable for pathogen germination, infection and ultimate decay development. The book will be an information guide and reference for the farmers, exporters, scientists and for the students.4854 Руб.
Grape (Vitis vinifera) is one of the major fruit crops grown in India and accounted for about 2.5 percent of total fruit production. A substantial quantity of production is subjected to post-harvest loss at various stages of marketing. The quantum of loss is influenced by several factors like extent of perishability, method of harvesting, packing and transportation etc. Grape being a high value commercial crop, any loss could result in significant revenue loss and deprives its availability to a large population and causes huge economic loss to the nation. Another area of research in marketing and post-harvest losses of grapes which requires more attention is the estimation procedures of marketing margins and marketing costs. The present procedure for estimating the marketing margins and marketing costs do not explicitly include the losses during marketing as a separate item, which could significantly alter the profit margins. An attempt is made to develop a methodology for quantifying the post-harvest losses in physical and value terms at various stages of marketing. Further, the extent of impact of post-harvest losses on producers’ net share, marketing margins and marketin4854 Руб.
Onion is one of the most important commercial vegetable crop grown in India and believed to be originated in Central Asia. Onion is a seasonal crop and has comparatively low storage ability and bulbs are usually stored until the harvest of next season crop or for longer period due to seasonal glut in the market. Significant losses in quality and quantity of onion occur during storage. Storage of onion bulbs has, therefore, become a serious problem in the tropical countries. Pre-harvest application of MH @ 2500 ppm and carbendazim @ 1000 ppm + MH @ 2500 ppm 15 days prior to harvest resulted in minimum PLW, sprouting, maximum total sugars, dry matter content, marketable bulbs. The onion bulbs cured under 50 per cent shade (15 days)+ tops removed 15 days after harvest and sulphur fumigation for five minutes resulted in minimum PLW, sprouting, rotting, and maximum total sugar and dry matter contents. The bulbs stored under ZECC showed minimum PLW while, minimum sprouting, rotting and maximum total sugar and dry matter contents were recorded when the bulbs stored in low cost structure with maximum per cent of marketable bulbs which were on par with the improved storage structure.6615 Руб.
Logistics is an important aspect for co-operative dairies in Gujarat. The increasingly levels of product variety and customization, the ability to respond to customer orders in a timely fashion can provide a critical competitive advantage, which requires the flexibility in logistics system for dairy products. A hierarchical network of cooperatives in Gujarat increases the complexities to match supply and demand through logistics system, which requires heavy investment in the logistics infrastructure at supply and distribution levels. The focus of this study is managing flexibility of logistics system, use of IT in flexible logistics management and logistics outsourcing practices, in context of co-operative dairies in Gujarat. This book is useful to academicians studying the linkages between logistics and customer satisfaction, especially in case of perishable food products. This book imparts knowledge to professionals of co-operative dairies working at various supply chain levels. The book is also useful to researchers conducting researcher studies in the area of logistics and supply chain management.9232 Руб.
Sugarcane is the world’s most important sugar crop, grown for the purpose of white sugar, gur and khandsari. Out of World’s total white crystal sugar production about 70% comes from sugarcane which popularized the crop as kalpavriksha (or) wonderful crop. In India, the crop is cultivated over an area of 5.02 Million hectares, with production of 342.1 Million tonne and productivity of 68.1 t ha-1. As sugarcane is a perishable commodity it should be processed in to sugar quickly after it is harvested. Nearly one fourth of crushed cane in Indian sugar factories has been found to be stale in quality. However, the losses increase with the increase in duration of staling and varies with varieties. In this context it was planned to assess the effect of delayed harvest and delayed crush in sugarcane clones. The present study has revealed that that the clones 2006 T36 and 2006 T3 along with standards CoC 671 and Co 94008 recorded the highest juice quality and yield at all staling periods (0 to120 hrs) and at different months (10th, 11th, 12th,13th and 14th months) of crop harvest and found to posses tolerance to post harvest deterioration .4854 Руб.
Development in the fisheries sector particularly post-harvest sub-sector has failed to deliver many of its promises to fisherfolks in Nigeria. The policies imposed from above by international agencies and central governments have been sadly at variance with the preference, needs and constraints of fisherfolks. Hence, technologies introduced are not adopted. Processing activities over the years evolved through application of indigenous knowledge (IK) practices but development interventions do not consider these in policy framework. This book specifies the underlying factors that predispose fish processors to use indigenous knowledge practices and the catalogue of indigenous knowledge practices used in fish processing in Nigeria. It contributes tremendously to IK literature as it provides rare sources and practices in post-harvest sector. This book is for development programme managers and project leaders who wish to incorporate an indigenous knowledge element into their work. It offers a continuous spectrum of approaches and tools, from those useful to persons seeking a quick and limited IK component, to those interested in a more long-term and thorough IK investigation.7286 Руб.
Onion is an important vegetable due to its higher yield potential, low cost of production and higher nutritional value being the added attributes. In Pakistan it is growing on 0.153 m ha area, production of 2.015 m tons with average yield of 13.2 tons ha-1. Whereas, in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa contributing 0.012 m ha, with production of 0.227 m tons and 18.92 tons ha-1. Pakistan stands with world's ten top onion producing countries also find itself among countries having highest capita-1 onion consumption. The average capita-1 onion consumption is approximately 6.5 kg of onions across the world while in Pakistan, it is 10 kg annum-1, while Turkey having the highest capita-1 onion consumption (36.6 kg year-1). Keeping in view the consumption level and increasing population, Pakistan must produce around 15 million tones of onion annually. The book in hand provides baseline information of different aspect of onion pre and post harvest treatments for getting maximum bulb yield. It can be a useful hand book for the agriculture graduates, scientists and allied stalk holders.6615 Руб.
Post-harvest losses in maize production are of great concern today. Resources such as labour, land, water and fertilizers/chemicals used as production inputs are wasted. An attempt was made to quantify these losses in maize production during storage and its impacts on the livelihoods of rural farmers in some selected regions in Ghana. A visit to some storage sites revealed poor storage facilities, which are prone to factors responsible for maize losses and low level of technical expertise among maize farmers. One of the findings in this study shows that some farmers still rely on saved maize seeds from previous harvest as source of planting material. At the later end of the book, some recommendations were made on how to enhance the storability of maize that will in the end; help improve the income and food security situation of the rural maize farmers in the regions under study. This book is written with a view to identify, understand and proffer practical solutions to some of the problems encountered by rural maize farmers. This book is relevant to students interested in post-harvest studies, policy makers and development practitioners in the agricultural sector4767 Руб.