During the last decades, Morocco has embarked on a process of modernization and development. However, the policy makers have disregarded the inherently close links that exist between culture and development. Adopting models of development that ignore and marginalize the multi-cultural aspect of the nation has led to the gradual loss of the country’s cultural heritage. The current state of the Amazigh culture provides compelling evidence in that respect. The book, therefore, seeks to provide an ethnographic overview of the impact of socio-economic development on the Amazigh cultural heritage among Ayt Merghad. More specifically, the study is concerned with the investigation of the gradual loss of the Amazigh culture in the target community, with a special focus on the birth rituals. Thematically, the book will hopefully contribute to a better understanding of the Amazigh culture and enrich the on-going debates about the impact of socio-economic development on birth rituals among Ayt Merghad.4846 Руб.
Cultural diversity is a feature of Morocco, and within such a multicultural society, the maintenance of the various existing cultures is critical for the preservation of the community’s heritage and identity. However, as a result of the process of urbanization and modernization, some aspects of Ayt Merghad’s culture have been affected. The study is concerned with the investigation of the gradual loss of the Amazigh culture in the Ayt Merghad community, with a special focus on the rituals of birth, marriage, and death. A deep understanding of the issues investigated is achieved through an ethnographic type of data which emerged from participant observation, interviews and focus groups. The researcher argues that the changes that the rituals of birth, marriage and death have undergone during the last decades are but micro manifestations of the macro changes that the community has undergone in its repertoire of values and mentalities. An understanding of the dynamics of urbanization, modernization and development leads us to conclude that the loss of the Amazigh cultural heritage is an inevitable consequence of these processes occurring in the whole society.8662 Руб.
Since its independence in 1956, Morocco has embarked on a process of social, economic and political development in an attempt to build a modern nation. However, this has resulted in profound mutations in the Moroccan culture in general and the Amazigh one in particular. From an ethnographic perspective, the book seeks to provide an account of the impact of modernization on the Amazigh cultural heritage in Morocco. More specifically, the study is concerned with the investigation of the gradual loss of the Amazigh culture among Ayt Merghad, with a special focus on the rituals of marriage. An attempt is also made to uncover the forces that have reshaped these practices and transformed them into their current state. The researcher argues that a vision of development that excludes the cultural dimension cannot do justice to the local cultures. Today, many voices, including UNESCO, the World Summit on Sustainable Development and researchers are calling for the inclusion of the cultural component in the development models. Therefore, for a process of development to be sustainable, it stands to reason that the policy makers should give more importance to the promotion of cultural diversity4846 Руб.
Agro-economy based densely populated Bangladesh needs more agriculture and fisheries production.Suitable vast coastal zone inspired farmers for horizontal expansion of extensive shrimp culture.Consequently,with improved economic condition physical environmental components,biodiversity and crop production are being devastated,and some social problems are arising.The prevailing situation demands sustainable development and management of intensive shrimp culture and environmental components for better achievement.Detail scientific studies of the causes and processes for innovation of appropriate technology are the prerequisites to mitigate the existing constraints .Accordingly,impacts of shrimp(Paenius monodon and Macrobrachium rosenbergii) culture in the coastal zone of Bangladesh on the environmental and socio-economic condition were studied to assess environmental impacts and for developing management plan through system approach. Studied extent of shrimp culture and its impacts on soil salinity,soil fertility,water quality, biodiversity status and socio-economic impacts, environmental impact assessment and developed environmental management plan are the contents of this book.5690 Руб.
Daganbhuiyan upazila is a very potential area for tilapia culture. There are total 8700 ponds in the Daganbhuiyan upazila. Most of the ponds are using for tilapia farming. Tilapia culture expansions increasing day by day in this area. This study was conducted to identify present status of tilapia farming and to analyze the role of socio-economic condition of the tilapia farmer.4846 Руб.
In India specially Uttar Pradesh, area disparities in the level of poverty, unemployment, income infrastructure, agriculture industry and above all the level of living of the people exist substantially across the regions. Regional disparity is a ubiquitous phenomenon in both developed and developing economies. But in the latter it is more acute and glaring. National economies are often composed of sets of smaller and localized economies. If the national economy is to prosper then ts constituent regional economies at gross root level must be brought into some sort of harmony. Regional and sustainable development in Uttar Pradesh can be achieved by minimizing the socio-economic disparities among rural masses.6735 Руб.
This book is based on the first ever research aimed at the evaluation of the effects of postal services on the socio-economic development in the rural areas of Pakistan which comprise more than 70% of the overall population of the country. The relationships between different social institutions vis-a-vis the social structure of the local community is the main focus of the research. The research topic of the changing role of post office in the socio-economic development of Pakistan is a thought provoking subject. The objective topic not only provides the academic anthropological information regarding different aspects of development, but also helps unveiling many layers of subject which are of great importance. The relationships between different social institutions vis-a-vis the social structure of the local community carry considerable weight as far as its academic contribution in the development process envisaged in ‘Economic Anthropology’ is concerned. It also provides an avenue for the future researchers who may desire to play their role in the meaningful contribution in academic spheres of the anthropological knowledge.7612 Руб.
Nigerians always want to know why the country is rich but the citizens are poor. It is expected that when a country is blessed with rich mineral resources exploited for about 37 years the citizens will be socio-economically better. Contrary to this,a U.N. Human Development Index (HDI) report, 2005, which ranks nations according to their citizen’s quality of life, portrayed Nigeria’s level of socio-economic development with a HDI value of 0.470. This ranked Nigeria 158th out of 177 countries, below Gambia (155th), Zimbabwe (151st), Togo (152nd) and Cameroun (144th). The study thus aimed at assessing the quality of life of Nigerians especially the oil producing communities. Data from oil/non-oil communities were thoroughly analyzed with the conclusion that although the huge oil revenue has contributed to economic growth, it has not transformed the nation’s economy which still remains largely agrarian with living standard in the country one of the lowest in the world. The findings are expected to be useful to investors in the oil industry, Managers of oil economies,Students in Schools of Mining and Oil Exploration,Students of Socio-economic Development,Administration,Geography, etc.6552 Руб.
The presence of weak local government structures in terms of infrastructure, human and financial resources have rendered them unresponsive to people’s suffering in much of Africa and Uganda in particular. This phenomenon has culminated into poor socioeconomic welfare of citizens as manifested in poor health and education provision, unemployment and poverty especially in rural areas of eastern Uganda which has the second highest poverty rate of all the regions of Uganda and to be specific Bugiri district in which this study was done. The interesting question here is, how do citizens cope with such poor socioeconomic welfare? The answer to this question seems to lie in Community initiatives in form of NGOs. However, recent studies by The World Bank have pointed out weakness in NGOs development work in regard to impact and sustainability. This was the basis upon which this study was conducted to prove or disapprove the above studies. Finally, this book makes some recommendations based on the findings and the critical one being how NGOs can raise finances locally if they are to save themselves from the challenges associated with financial dependency.4846 Руб.
Population is the basic resource and, therefore, its impact on overall development becomes the key factor in local-level planning. The interplay of various socio-economic factors responsible for the population distribution and characteristics decides the population-resource dynamics in the micro-level studies. Population characteristics and socio-economic factors determine the level of development in the micro-level planning. Socio-economic development is a process of betterment for a larger human group and includes both, economic development and social transformation. Development is a multi-dimensional phenomenon which includes economic efficiency, education, health services, degree of modernization, status of women, quality of housing, distribution of goods and services as well as accessibility both in terms of transportation and communication. The focus of study is on various socio-economic aspects of development such as education, health, sanitation, women empowerment, agriculture, and industry. The main objective of the present study is to analyze the population change and socio-economic development.7612 Руб.
Man’s giant stride in improving his lot often generate actions and reactions which themselves pose serious threat to man himself. A major fall out of industrialization and development programmes is the assault on the integrity of the environment. Environmental degradation arising from this had impacted negatively on the quality of life and in some cases posed serious threat to wildlife, ecosystem and the human race.Sustainable development is the main goal of environmental impact assessment. Developing economies need to grow so as to furnish better standard of living for their people. Bruntland Commission of the UN General Assembly in 1983 emphasized the need to reconcile economic growth and development with conservation of resources upon which growth depends. According to the Commission “Humanity, has the ability to make growth sustainable to ensure that it meets the needs of the present without the future generation struggling to meet their own needs” (WCED,1987). Greater public participation in decision that affects their environment is crucial especially grassroot involvement in local resource utilization.5685 Руб.
Managing Socio-Economic Development of Rajasthan by NGOs is a comprehensive textbook designed for students of busines management. The book explores the core concepts of NGOs and explain them through numerous studies.. Beginning with an introduction to NGOs , the book goes on to discuss its role and importance for the social and economical upliftment of Rajasthan State. Besides students of management, the book will be useful to professionals to understand that sustainable success in businesses can be achieved by striking a balance between the financial bottom line and the interest of the employees and the community at large..8662 Руб.
This book is an attempt to measure the extent of regional development among the districts of Haryana both at social and economic level. Haryana is one of the small and better performing states of the country. It is located strategically surrounding national capital Delhi from three sides. Economically, its GSDP has been growing at more than 9 percent over the last decade Development of agriculture has been the major factor behind superior performance of Haryana. The agriculture sustains 55 percent of the total population of the state and contributes less than 20 percent of the state GSDP. Obviously there is a widening gap between people dependent on agriculture and income from this sector. Exceptional performance by Haryana in secondary and tertiary sectors has catapulted the state amongst the industrially most developed states in the country. Haryana is marketed as offering superior locational advantage on the outskirt of national capital. The state also faces a strange dichotomy in terms of demonstrating very poor social indicators. This cannot be regarded as a good situation for the state. This prompts writing of this book.6253 Руб.
Agriculture is one of the important sectors in the Indian economy. Agricultural credit is one of the essential requirements for the growth of agricultural production and productivity. The assessment of agriculture credit situation brings out the fact that the credit delivery to the agriculture sector continues to be inadequate. It appears that the banking system is still hesitant on various grounds to purvey credit to small farmers. The situation calls for concerted efforts to augment the flow of credit to agriculture and exploring new innovations in product design and methods of delivery, through better use of technology and related processes. The agriculture credit plays a vital role in the overall socio-economic development of small farmers. The study shows that till today, some of the farmers are depended on money lenders for agricultural credit. There is a need to strengthen the institutional credit for agriculture and allied activities and need based agricultural credit system should be provided to small farmers.7612 Руб.
Purpose of this research was to explore the role of mini dams to cope up water shortage in rain-fed water scarce arid areas of Pothowar plateau (Pakistan) and their impact on the socio economic development of human resource (resource poor farmers of arid rural areas), who, applied mini dam techniques for irrigation. Pothowar, is arid (barani) rural area of Punjab province, of Pakistan and depends mainly on agriculture for livelihood, which is unsustainable because of water shortage. The main source of irrigation is rain but plenty of rainy water is lost to streams and rivers without giving any benefit by penetrating in the soil because of uneven and sloping surface. In Pothowar more than 70 % rains occur in monsoons (July to September) and about 3.4 MAF of water is lost as surface run-off. The problem was to catch this rainy water from catch-ment areas of slope in mini dams and use it for agriculture in command areas. Farmers of arid rural area (Pothowar) solved this problem by constructing 534 mini dams and it brought revolution in their socio-economic status.5685 Руб.
Ginger is a treasured preservative, spice and flavoring agent. It is used at length in pickles, sauces, cakes, cookies, jams and marmalades, brine, candies, ginger ale, ginger beer, curries, tea and many other food items. In addition, Ginger has been appreciated as therapeutic spice from ancient times. Ginger, one of the most known emerging cash crops with high business and marketing potentiality has been under cultivation since time immemorial in Lower Dibang Valley district of Arunachal Pradesh due to its conducive climate. However, it is interesting to know that, at the beginning; it has been used as local spice, and was considered an inevitable object in performing cultural rituals. It has been widely used in different cultural and social occasions like marriage ceremony, festival, offering and sacrifice to Good and devil spirits. From early 1990, saga of ginger cultivation took a new turn, as large-scale cultivation and thereby, commercialization had picked up momentum in lower Dibang valley district of Arunachal Pradesh. Significant percentages of about 60% of every household undertake ginger cultivation, and on average 25% of dry cultivable land are used for it in Lower Diba.6552 Руб.